Origami is a beautiful and painstaking technique for folding paper figures that appeared in Japan. There are several varieties of origami. Modular origami differs from the classic one in that the figures in this technique are not composed of one sheet of paper, but of a large number of them. Moreover, each leaf is folded according to a certain scheme into a module. Various shapes and even whole compositions can be assembled from these modules.
It is necessary
- - thin but durable paper (for example, office);
- - scissors.
Select a ready-made modular origami model that you would like to fold. For a start, it is better to choose a not the most difficult option in order to simply understand the principles of folding modules and assembling figures, and practice.
Prepare white or colored (double-sided) paper for the modules. There are several types of them, but the most common and widely used is the triangular module. The triangular module is folded from a rectangular sheet of paper with an aspect ratio of approximately 1: 1, 5.
Cut a standard A4 sheet of office paper into 16 pieces (divide its long and short sides into four equal pieces). The resulting rectangles will be 53 x 74 mm. If you cut an A4 sheet along the long side into 8 pieces, and on the short side into 4 pieces, you will get 32 rectangles 53 × 74 mm.
Fold the first module according to the diagram that came with this step. The finished triangle has "pockets" at the fold, into which the tips of another module are inserted.
Add all other modules in the same way - their number will depend on the shape you choose. Typically, the description of a model indicates the exact number of parts required to assemble it, and for multi-colored parts, you need to assemble a certain number of modules of each color.
When all the modules are ready, start assembling the shape of your choice. There are several ways to connect them together. The form that the model will acquire during the assembly process depends on the method of connection and on the location of the modules.
In the diagrams of modular origami, some conventions are adopted that you need to learn to read. For example, a triangle with an apex pointing up indicates a module whose short side is outside, "sticking out" on the surface of the model. This type of connection is typical for assembling the straight base of the product.
An upside-down triangle is a module that is long side out. Basically, modular origami shapes are assembled in this way. At the same time, the bottom of the product acquires a rounded shape.
The notation shown in the illustration for this step indicates that the module is simply inserted between the other two, rather than being draped over them.
Assemble the origami shape according to the diagram. At the end of the work, it may be necessary to glue some parts together. This is usually necessary in complex compositions. Simpler shapes hold well even without glue.