The Norwegian pattern is also called jacquard, after the name of the French weaver who came up with a way to imitate hand knitting using a knitting machine. Jacquard knitting looks very unusual and tempting to the eye. Clothes knitted with such a pattern are suitable for everyone: women, men, and especially children.
It is necessary
- - knitting needles;
- - colored balls of yarn;
- - a special thimble for knitting.
The principle of knitting a Norwegian pattern: having knitted a certain number of loops of the same color in accordance with the scheme, cross the thread on the wrong side with the thread of the next color and knit the required number of loops with a new color. In this case, the threads are pulled to the next place in the ornament. There are 4 ways to make a Norwegian pattern on knitted fabric.
1 way. The cell in the pattern is equal to two rows of knitting - the motif takes an elongated upward shape. This means that the color changes only on the front side of the canvas, and on the seamy side, the pattern is knitted in the same way as on the front.
Method 2. The cell in the pattern is equal to one row - this means that the color of the yarn should be changed when knitting both on the front and on the seamy side.
Method 3. Any ornament stands out not only in color, but also in the texture of its knitting on the canvas, that is, a garter stitch ornament is performed against the background of hosiery, creating a concavity, or, conversely, on the purl background, the ornament knitted with the front satin stitch has a convex shape. With this knitting, the cage on the pattern of the pattern should be knitted in two rows, where on the front side knitting is done with front loops according to the pattern with a change in the color of the yarn of the pattern, and on the seamy side the pattern is knitted with color over the color, but the background loops are made with purl, and the pattern loops - facial.
Method 4. It is used when knitting with yarn of two colors - this is a background and a pattern, knits both with two knitting needles and in a circle. For knitting the background, one color is used, for knitting a pattern, another. When knitting with two knitting needles, the cage in the pattern is equal in height to two rows, and when knitting in a circle, with the absence of purl rows, the cage is equal in height to one row.
Knitting begins in the first front row with the front knitted main thread so that only those loops that have the background color are knitted, and the loops of the pattern itself are removed without knitting with the location of the thread on the seamy side of knitting. In the purl row, all the background loops are knitted with the main thread, and the same pattern loops are removed with the location of the working thread before knitting.
In the second front row, the pattern loops are knitted with the front knit, and the background loops are removed without knitting. In the purl row, the loops of the pattern are knitted with purl stitch, and the loops of the background are removed untied. Here, one cell of the pattern is knitted in 4 rows with alternating 2 rows of the main and 2 rows of the finishing color.
To correctly attach the thread at the beginning of the row, insert the right knitting needle into the first loop and put a new thread on the knitting needle. Then knit the first loop, and knit the second loop with a double thread.
When knitting an ornament with a large colored area, it is not recommended to stretch a thread of a different color along the fabric on the seamy side of knitting. Putting on the finished product, you will cling to long stretched threads. Better to put the thread between the loops. When changing the color, the threads must be crossed, fixed on the seamy and front side of the part.
When the threads are crossed, the configuration and arrangement of the colored sections can be vertical, oblique or offset. The technique always remains the same, the non-working thread in the knitting process is pulled freely along the seamy side of the part. Remember, the thread tension must be even, it is important not to tighten the loose thread on the wrong side of the work.