The formation of pine bonsai is associated with a number of difficulties. These trees do not tolerate transplanting well, require special conditions in winter and have two main growth periods. However, miniature pines formed in one of the bonsai styles look very attractive. Most often, pines with short needles are used to form miniatures.
It is necessary
- - covering material;
- - "Kornevin";
- - humus;
- - perlite;
- - sand;
- - wire.
For growing bonsai, you can take a young plant dug in the forest, but more often it is recommended to work with a seedling. In the fall, transplant the annual plant into a 15-centimeter pot. Use a mixture of a part of humus, two parts of sand and the same amount of perlite as a substrate.
If for the formation you have chosen a type of pine that can withstand wintering in the open field, choose a place in the garden that is protected from the wind, and dig in the pot with a seedling, covering it with peat and fallen leaves.
At the very beginning of spring, prune the seedling to a height of about ten centimeters. This is done only if there are kidneys on the trunk below the cut. In this case, the needles should be thinned if they are too thick. Wire can be applied to the trimmed plant to form a bend in the trunk.
Place the pine tree pot in a well-lit area. In summer, the plant will need abundant watering.
In mid-spring, transplant the pine into a pot about twenty-five centimeters in diameter. Spread out the roots and treat them with Kornevin powder.
In the fall, cut the plant over one of the side branches so that the cut is not visible from the side that will be considered the front. A new tip will form from this side branch.
In summer, plants are allowed to recover from pruning. If you are going to form a miniature tree below twenty centimeters, cut off the branches on the front side of the pine in the fall, and shorten the remaining side branches to the first branch.
The pine tree, from which a bonsai with a height of twenty to forty centimeters will be formed, is transplanted in the fall into a pot with a diameter of about thirty centimeters along with a soil clod.
A plant intended to form a larger form is planted in open ground in a well-lit place with loose soil.
At the beginning of summer, pinch all the young shoots that have appeared on the miniature pine, on which needles have not yet formed, leaving about a third of their length. At the end of summer, leave two young shoots on the side branches and three on the top on the pine tree. Remove the rest of the shoots. Make sure that the needles are preserved on the remaining branches.
In the spring of next year, you can cut the taproot of a miniature pine, shorten the remaining roots by a third and transplant the tree into a bonsai container, leaving the root collar open.
In a medium-sized pine tree, candles are pinched at the beginning of summer, and at the end of summer, the branches are cut from the front side. To form a new direction of growth, you should cut off the branch that played the role of the tip to the nearest branch. This plant will need to be shaped by pruning and wire over the next three years.
Large pines are formed by pruning, wire and plucking needles for four years. All this time, the plant is in the open field. The formed tree is transplanted into a container, cutting the roots and completely changing the soil.