Reed grows in wet, swampy areas. In total, there are about 20 species of this plant, almost all of them are suitable for weaving, and both the stems and leaves of the plant can be used.
It is necessary
- - reeds;
- - a sharp knife;
- - wooden awl;
- - damp cloth;
- - sponge;
- - the pelvis.
Prepare the weaving material. Reed harvesting can be done all year round, but in winter it is quite difficult because of snowdrifts, and in spring because of floods and mud. Therefore, reeds are harvested in summer and autumn. Material cut at different times will differ in shades.
Use a knife or sickle to cut off the stems of the reeds. Tie in bunches, hang them under a canopy in partial shade. After 2 weeks, the material is ready for use.
Sort the reeds by length, thickness and quality. Select stems suitable for weaving. Peel them of leaves, and leave the good leaves, and discard the damaged ones. Split thick stems into ribbons of different widths and lengths.
Moisten dry reeds to restore flexibility. Before starting work, immerse the material for 1-1.5 hours in cold water. While weaving, periodically moisten the reeds with a foam sponge or washcloth.
Before weaving, you can bleach or dye the reeds. Make a solution. Heat a 10% solution of hydrogen peroxide to 60 ° C, add a 2% solution of sodium silicate to it, put the stems and leaves of reeds in it and boil for 2 hours. The material will change to a silvery color. Then rinse under hot running water.
Dyes are used to color the reeds. Prepare a solution at the rate of 5 g of dye per 1 liter of water. Then add 1 g of table salt and 2 g of acetic acid to it. Boil pre-bleached reeds in this solution for about 30 minutes. Then rinse under running water.
To weave a tray or bread plate out of reeds, prepare 30 leaves. Wrap the damp leaves that you will weave later in a damp cloth so that they do not dry out. Choose a pattern to weave. It can be an ordinary saucepan.
Cut the leaves into equal strips. Their length should be 5 cm longer than the template. Lay 4 strips in a row. At a distance of about 1/3 from the edge, lay the sheet perpendicularly so that 1 and 3 strips are on top of it, and 2 and 4 are below it. Weave the next strip in the same way, but in a checkerboard pattern, that is, 2 and 4 strips of the base should lie on top of the sheet, and 1 and 3 under it. Weave a square in a similar manner.
Twist the thin and short parts of the leaves left over from pruning into flagella. Place the pan on the bottom, tie it with twine and continue to braid the base in a circle with prepared flagella in a checkerboard pattern. Place them as close to each other as possible. When the length of the rope ends, substitute the next one and continue weaving.
After the bottom of the tray is ready, fold the base strips upward. Braid them with flagella in a checkerboard pattern to the required height.
Remove the template and thread in the remaining tips. Use an awl to move the edges of the tray and push the protruding tip into the hole. Thread all other ends in the same way. Similarly, you can weave a mat, basket or bag from the reeds.