Such an exciting activity as spearfishing is fraught with many difficulties. First of all, you need to choose the right equipment and equipment, be able to stay under water, ensure your safety in this unknown world.
It is necessary
- - spear guns or harpoons;
- - mask, fins, special suit;
- - a snorkel for breathing at shallow depths;
- - oxygen cylinders, although you can do without them;
- - underwater lamp;
- - a weight belt that will help you stay at depth for a long time.
Before you start spearfishing, you must put on all the necessary equipment and descend into the pond. If its depth is shallow, then you need to hold your breath and plunge down, grasping some objects or plants at the bottom of the reservoir. If its depth is considerable, then this can be done both from the boat and from the shore. It is better to dive from the boat with your back if you have oxygen cylinders in the back.
But even if they are not there, you should bend so that your knees are at chest level, and then bend down and plunge into the water. There you have to roll over and straighten your body, after which the dive will begin. To speed it up, you need to start working with your feet. Stop using your feet when approaching the bottom.
You need to hover at a depth, and then begin to move carefully and smoothly along the bottom. You should look to the sides and up, all movements should be slow, smooth. First of all, this is done in order not to frighten off the fish, and also in order to spend as little energy as possible when moving.
You should not resort to using your hands, it is necessary only if you are being pulled to the bottom or pushed to the surface. If this happens, then the weight of the weight belt has been selected incorrectly. If you are pushed out, then you can use various objects and algae that are at the bottom. In order to emerge after a hunt, you need to straighten your body and take an upright position, after which you begin to work intensively with your legs.
Spearfishing tactics are quite simple. The fish "thinks" that if it does not see you, then you do not see it either. If you swim up to an animal not in the same plane with it, but for example, higher or lower, then it will not feel you. Therefore, you can get close enough to the object of the hunt.
Some underwater animals are predators, so they can attack you themselves. One must always be careful when choosing a target. Large fish usually swim not deep, but on the surface you can also find a large individual. Therefore, the inspection of the hunting place should be carried out not only at the bottom, but also on the surface. Many individuals hide in thickets of plants or under stones, this should also be taken into account when hunting. You must move carefully, trying not to make noise. In water, various noises are heard even better than on the surface!
Spearfishing is best done in calm weather and better when the sun is shining. In the morning, the fish usually goes to the depth, and in the evening it rises to the shallower part of the reservoir. If the current is strong, it is better not to take risks and move to the place where it is weaker, there you will be much more comfortable and convenient.
The hunting process itself is quite simple: if you saw a target, you attacked it. The easiest way to do this is with a harpoon or a rifle that hits the target at a great distance. But you can hunt with an ordinary knife. Then you need to get as close to the goal as possible.