Persimmon fruits are not only tasty and beautiful, but also very useful due to their healing properties and the content of vitamins and microelements. Growing persimmons at home is becoming more and more popular among amateur flower growers, despite the fact that it is quite difficult to grow a tropical miracle tree with your own hands on a windowsill.
It is necessary
- - persimmon seeds;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - pots;
- - growth activator;
- - soil for indoor plants;
- - cellophane.
A novice gardener can also grow a persimmon from a seed at home. To do this, it is enough to choose the ripe fruit in the store with a healthy-looking shell. The skin should be whole and firm, without cracks or dark spots. The sepals should be green and close to the berry. Place this selected specimen in a warm place until it reaches full ripeness. Seeds of only such persimmon will sprout.
Fill a glass of water and remove the seeds from the liquid pulp of the persimmon. Dip them in a glass of water. Throw away those that have surfaced - they will not germinate. Pour the rest of the seeds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a growth activator and leave for three days. Prepare the soil for planting seeds - absolutely any soil for indoor plants is suitable for this. Pre-calcine it in the oven, as persimmon is not resistant to bacterial and fungal diseases.
Take small containers, the diameter of which should be no more than 15 centimeters, pour expanded clay and prepared soil on the bottom. Dip the seeds to a depth of 1-2 centimeters and pour, cover with cellophane and put in a warm place (you can next to the battery). Ventilate the pot periodically by lifting the cellophane, add water as the soil dries out. After a couple of weeks, the first shoots will appear, at this time you can remove the film.
It often happens that the seed remains at the end of the sprout. If it does not fall off within two days, try to get rid of the valves yourself and very carefully, otherwise the sprout will die. Seedlings grow very quickly, so it is recommended to periodically transplant them into a slightly larger container so that the root system does not suffer from a lack of space.
In the summer, it is recommended to take the tree out to the balcony or yard, in a well-lit place. Since persimmon does not like direct sunlight, shade the plant at first. Feed the tree with mineral and organic fertilizers twice a month.
After the young seedlings have formed, pinch at a level of 30-50 centimeters for further branching. Leave three apical shoots. When they reach a height of 30-40 centimeters, pin them. In the same way, pinch the branches of the second order. Gradually form a rounded tree one and a half meters tall. Since the plant is fast-growing, the first flowers can be seen as early as the fourth year after planting.