The beginning of a chess game is called the opening. Chess opening - the first stage of the game (10-15 moves). As a rule, it ends with the castling of the king. It is followed by two more stages: the middlegame, the stage of decisive combinational actions, and the endgame, the end of the game. The beginning of a chess game determines the further game. At this stage, the nature of the struggle is formed, and if you played the opening poorly, then, most likely, you will lose the whole game. To avoid this, you need to be aware of the basic principles of opening development.
It is necessary
- - Chess board;
- - a set of pieces for playing chess;
- - basic knowledge of the rules of the game.
The main goal of a chess opening is quick mobilization, i.e. bringing the pieces to the strongest positions. The most important principle of mobilization is consistency. All of your shapes should develop as a whole. Never play with only one piece. Remember the golden rule of wartime: any attack not covered from the rear is doomed to failure.
At the beginning of a chess game, never play with your queen. The queen is the most expensive piece. It is worth nine pawns. Acting alone, the queen is an easy target. As your opponent develops, your queen will run across the board to avoid attacks. You will lose the pace of development and lose the game.
Save the pace of development. Never walk the same piece twice - you lose your pace. Avoid situations where your piece is forced to make an extra move. Your task, as a player, is to choose the best one from the set of moves.
As the great Philidor said: "Pawns are the soul of chess." Build a strong pawn chain, don't let your opponent cut pawns with impunity. Correctly lined up, they will hinder the opponent's minor pieces. The enemy will not be able to "at full speed" break into your camp. Pawns, in turn, will cover your attack well.
Capture strong positions quickly. The strongest position of any piece is the center of the board. The closer the figure is to the center, the greater its agility and influence. If you manage to capture the center of the board, you will have a tactical advantage that may lead you to victory.
Protect the king. He, as the most vulnerable figure, must be reliably protected. The only way to defend the king is to castle, taking into account the location of the opponent's pieces, so that the fortification is not under direct attack.
Do not try to immediately, at the beginning of a chess game, attack the enemy king. Create a strategic plan. Direct the attack to the weak positions of the enemy.
The second stage of the game, the middlegame, is considered the stage of active combinational actions. The scope of tactical maneuvers in the middlegame depends on the play at the beginning of the chess game. When playing the opening, try to anticipate in what position you will find yourself at the end.