Medieval castles with their gloomy thick walls, high towers and massive gates still thrill the imagination. A legend is associated with each of them. You can draw either a castle that actually existed, or your own, in which knights, brave archers and beautiful princesses, invented by you, live.
It is necessary
- - paper;
- - pencil%
- - watercolors or gouache.
Check out some of the drawings of medieval castles. You will see that each of them has one or more towers, while you will always find the main one. Each lock has a gate that is firmly closed not only by doors, but also by a lattice. There are always loopholes on the wall - narrow "windows" behind which the archers were located. The castle is protected by a thick and sufficiently high wall, which takes into account the terrain as much as possible. If you are going to draw such an architectural object for the first time, do not get carried away with too complex shapes. The castle can be quite simple, because it did not exist at all to please the eyes of travelers.
Choose the most characteristic angle for this castle. As a rule, the architectural appearance of such a structure is determined by the height and outlines of its main tower and the line of the walls. Draw the castle from the side of the main tower. Determine a place for it on the sheet and draw a vertical line approximately equal to its height above the ground. As a rule, castles were located on a hill. Therefore, leave a place at the bottom of the sheet for this hill
Draw a hill. Its top should be exactly at the level of the lowest point of the main tower. If you're drawing a castle of your own design, don't make the hill too steep. Let its top only rise slightly above the lower edge of the sheet, and the slopes evenly descend to the lower corners of the drawing
Determine the ratio of the height and width of the main tower. Draw perpendiculars to the top and bottom points of the centerline and set aside distances equal to half the width. However, the tower can be not only rectangular, but also round. Moreover, it is most often a little narrower at the top than at the bottom. A cylinder or a truncated cone in projection onto a plane looks like a rectangle or a trapezoid, so that the contours of a round tower in cross-section will not differ in any way from a rectangular one.
Draw a gate at the bottom of the main tower. They are a small vertical rectangle with a semicircle attached to the upper side. Divide the rectangular and semicircular parts with a straight line. At the top of the gate, make a trellis by drawing parallel vertical and horizontal lines. The vertical ones can go a little over the rectangle.
Decorate the top of the tower. It can be of any shape, so don't be too upset if you can't draw a perfectly straight horizontal line. It is even better if this line is curved, because on the roof of a stone castle there are necessarily irregularities and dents.
Draw the walls. Divide the tower height roughly in half. Draw lines from these points parallel to the side slopes of the hill, but somewhat uneven. You can generally make the walls jagged. You can draw small turrets to the top lines at regular intervals.
There are always loopholes in the main tower and in the castle walls. They are narrow vertical windows. They can be positioned arbitrarily in the tower. The castle was usually built for more than one year, was regularly rebuilt, and each of its owners came up with the most modern options for protection. Make narrow rectangular loopholes in the walls, and rectangular and square loopholes in the tower.
Draw the masonry.On the main tower, draw horizontal jagged lines, and then in each layer, vertical lines, which are interrupted when moving to the next layer of masonry. On the walls, first draw lines parallel to the bottom of them. The vertical bars look exactly the same as on the main tower.
When painting, fill in the large fields first - the hill and the sky. Then paint the castle in an even color, brownish or gray. With a thin brush, draw the outlines of the masonry, and then blur these lines so that the areas where the stones connect are the darkest. The middle of the stones will be lighter, and this will give the image the necessary relief.