A close-up is a very close-up shot of a subject. To create macro photographs, you need not only the skill of the photographer himself, but also a large number of specialized devices.
Macro photography is a separate, very exciting section of photography. Amateur or professional macro photography is based on several fairly important principles.
The first important step in mastering the art of macro photography is the choice of technique. Macro mode is available on all existing digital cameras, from small "soap boxes" to full-frame DSLRs, but the lens chosen by the photographer is responsible for the clarity and clarity of the smallest details. Typical macro lenses of the most famous manufacturers are Canon 100 / 2.8 USM Macro, Nikon 105 / 2.8 Macro, Sony 100 / 2.8 Macro, etc. You can also use any other telephoto zoom lenses as macro lenses, but they will not give a 100% clear frame.
If buying a macro lens is not possible, you can replace it with special macro lenses. They are mounted on the lens as filters. Lenses help focus on your subject as the distance decreases. Unfortunately, the use of lenses impairs light penetration through the lens, so the footage is darker than usual. This is especially noticeable in cases when several lenses are fitted at once.
You should also add a lightweight portable tripod to the existing equipment, which you can take with you outdoors. A stable tripod will help avoid the defocusing and sharpness degradation typical of handheld photography. In studio shooting conditions or photographing on a cloudy day, you can add flash lighting (it is better to avoid using the camera's native flash).
Working with a frame
In addition to technical issues, to shoot a beautiful macro, it is necessary to take into account the lighting that will surround at the time of working with the camera. When photographing wildlife (flowers, insects, dew), the conditions are ideal for a sunny and calm morning or evening. The light at such moments is diffused, very soft, allowing you to play with shadows. The absence of wind ensures that the flowers will not move when the photo is taken.
In order to lure insects, it is better to observe their behavior in advance and find out where these or those insects are found, how they look in the light, how they move. This will help you prepare for shooting as thoroughly as possible: choose the shooting time, mode, set up a tripod.
Compositional techniques in macro photography are the same as usual. The ideal construction of the frame, the most harmonious for the human eye, is the construction according to the principle of the golden ratio or according to the principle of "thirds". It is also advisable to select a contrasting background to highlight the subject in the foreground.